Standards - a degree or level of requirement, excellence, or attainment.

Wood crate and packaging standards for product transportation & shipping cover some of the following items: fabrications, closures, containers, cleats and cleated-plywood, fasteners, nails & staples, packaging, panel-boards & panels, skids a& bases, marking, load-handling and impact tests, blocking, bracing and diagonal supports, strapping & securement, type, species, groups and strength of wood.

Company Standards

Consensus among company employees and officers

Industry Standards

Consensus among the many companies and associations within the professional society; such as wooden boxes, wood crates, and corrugated container manufacturers.

Government Standards

May reflect many degrees of consensus; some are written by individuals in government agencies, many are developed in the private sector and then adopted by referenced as mandatory standards. (wood boxes and crates are an example)

Mill-Spec Standards

Military specifications as required by the Department of Defense (DOD) for regulating wood crates, wooden boxes, open crates, skid assemblies, pallets, saddle and cradle constructions.

ASTM Standards
(American Society for Testing & Materials) (applicable to the wood crating industry)

The ASTM hierarchy is comprised of three basic levels:

  • Main committees (such as the D-10 Packaging Committee)
  • Subcommittees (such as the D10.26 Subcommittee on Shipping Containers, Crates, Pallets, Skids, and Related Structures)
  • Task Groups (such as the task groups on Wood Crates and Wood Boxes)